Author Archives: Sam Kim

Jebok: Ritual Vestments

Jebok (제복, 祭服) refers to the highest form of ceremonial clothing worn for Confucian rituals by the scholar-gentry of dynastic times. The king and his officials vested in jebok when carrying out the most solemn rites of the court, such as sacrifices to ancestors and civic deities. This post will focus on the jebok worn […]

The Simeui

The “deep robe,” or simeui (심의, 深衣) was worn by Confucian scholars while studying and performing rites. It was introduced along with Neo-Confucianism from China during Korea’s Goryeo dynasty. The sober aesthetics of the robe were consonant with Confucian values and was promoted by the Chinese sage Zhu Xi as standard menswear. It consisted of […]

How I’m defining “Ancient Hanbok”

I’m using the term “ancient hanbok” as a rather broad designation. For the purposes of this blog, it refers to all hanbok worn prior to the Joseon dynasty.  

Four robes for Joseon gentlemen

When going out, a yangban (양반, 兩班) gentleman wore a long robe. Below is a brief description of four different styles of men’s robes (there were other types with variants). 1) The jungchimak (중치막, 中致莫) was a robe with large sleeves and side slits which caused the robe to flutter when in movement. 2) The […]